Reproducibilidad y nivel de acuerdo de las pruebas PACER y milla corriendo/caminando en estudiantes de 12 a 17 años

Javier Parra-Patiño, Genny Astrid Camacho, Ana Marcela Ruíz, Cristina Isabel Rangel

Resumen


Antecedentes: Aunque estudios previos han evaluado la reproducibilidad de las pruebas PACER y Milla Corriendo/Caminando (Milla C/C) en niños y adolescentes norteamericanos y europeos, no existen datos de reproducibilidad en población colombiana. Objetivo: Determinar la reproducibilidad prueba re-prueba de dos protocolos de campo para la evaluación de la capacidad aeróbica en escolares de 7º a 11º grado. Metodología: se realizó un estudio de evaluación de pruebas diagnósticas en 93 estudiantes de 12 a 17 años, de los cuales 79 realizaron la prueba PACER y 66 la Milla C/C en dos ocasiones bajo las mismas condiciones. Se evaluó la reproducibilidad prueba-reprueba mediante el Coeficiente de Correlación Intraclase (CCI [2,1]) con sus respectivos intervalos de confianza del 95% (IC95%). El nivel de acuerdo se estableció mediante el método de Bland y Altman. Resultados: La reproducibilidad prueba re-prueba fue excelente tanto para el PACER (CCI ≥0,80) como para la Milla C/C (CCI ≥0,94). El análisis de Bland y Altman mostró mejor acuerdo entre las mediciones de la Milla C/C que el PACER. La concordancia entre las dos pruebas fue pobre para las mujeres (r<0,3) pero aceptable a buena para los varones (r>0,69). Conclusiones: la prueba Milla C/C es más reproducible y tiene mejor nivel de acuerdo que la prueba PACER, por lo que se recomienda que en escolares de 12 a 17 años que no se encuentren familiarizados con la prueba PACER se evalúe la capacidad aeróbica con la Milla C/C

Palabras clave


aptitud física; estudiantes; reproducibilidad de resultados. (Fuente: DeCS BIREME)

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20320/rfcsudes.v2i1.302

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